“Gustave Eiffel never stopped inventing and innovating. Having failed the Ecole polytechnique entrance exam, he attends the Ecole Centrale in Paris. Gustave Eiffel yasa menara Eiffel kanggé Paris World's Fair. On October 6, 1868, he along with Théophile Seyrig formed the company ‘Eiffel et Cie’ and received several important projects. Valentine EIFFEL, fille de Gustave EIFFEL et Genviève Émilie« Marguerite » GAUDELET, naquit le 25 février 1870 à Levallois-Peret, 92, Paris, Île-de-France, F, et morte le 9 juin 1966 à Paris, 75, Seine, Île-de-France, F, à l’âge de 96 ans. Economically feasible, the structure if melted would occupy only about two and a half inches of its base. Awards Enfants de Genviève Émilie« Marguerite » GAUDELET et Gustave EIFFEL: Albert EIFFEL (1873 – 1941) Claire EIFFEL (1863 – 1934) Édouard EIFFEL (1866 – 1933) Laure EIFFEL (1864 – 1958) Valentine EIFFEL (1870 – 1966) Died On: December 27, 1923. To prepare himself for the different entrance exams of engineering colleges, he joined the ‘Collège Sainte-Barbe’ in Paris. They had one daughter: Valentine Eiffel. His technical innovations were path breaking (specially prefabrication of cantilever constructions). Alexandre Gustave Eiffel (15 Desember 1832 – 27 Desember 1923) was 'n Franse strukturele en lugvaart ingenieur.Hy is gebore in Dijon.Hy behaal sy graad met lof aan die École Centrale des Arts et Manufactures.Hy was aanvanklik geïnteresseerd in strukturele ingenieurswese en voltooi die spoorwegbrug oor die Garonnerivier in Bordeaux.In 1889 voltooi hy die Eiffel-toring. Find art you love and shop high-quality art prints, photographs, framed artworks and … [9] The dome, with a diameter of 22.4 m (73 ft), was the largest in the world when built and used an ingenious bearing device: rather than running on wheels or rollers, it was supported by a ring-shaped hollow girder floating in a circular trough containing a solution of magnesium chloride in water. Eiffel's proposal was for a bridge whose deck was supported by five iron piers, with the abutments of the pair on the river bank also bearing a central supporting arch. Actions to protect the bridge were taken as early as 2002 by the "Association of the Descendants of Gustave Eiffel",[42] joined from 2005 onwards by the Association "Sauvons la Passerelle Eiffel" (Save the Eiffel Bridge). Elevé dans la mémoire directe du grand homme dès sa naissance, Philippe Coupérie Eiffel, sous l’impulsion de sa mère Florence Coupérie, l’ainée de la branche Valentine Valentine EIFFEL, a fondé avec sa sœur Virginie, l’association des Amis de Gustave Eiffel. Teve 5 filhos de Marguerite Gaudelet: Claire Eiffel, Laure Eiffel, Edouard Eiffel, Valentine Eiffel e Albert Eiffel. Early Life. Work on the foundations started on 28 January 1887. Eiffel was to receive all income from the commercial exploitation during the exhibition and for the following twenty years. His first aerodynamic experiments, an investigation of the air resistance of surfaces, was carried out by dropping the surface to be investigated together with a measuring apparatus down a vertical cable stretched between the second level of the Eiffel Tower and the ground. Born in 1951, Philippe Couperie-Eiffel is the direct descendant of Gustave Eiffel. Sa grande Dame de fer fête ses 130 ans cette année, mais c'est un héritage beaucoup plus vaste et méconnu que nous laisse Gustave Eiffel. At 2.35 Eiffel hoisted a large tricolour, to the accompaniment of a 25-gun salute fired from the lower level.[30]. They led, in 2010, to the decision to list Eiffel's Bordeaux bridge as a French Historical Monument. The Eiffel Tower isn't just a symbol of Paris but a symbol for all of France. His work had also gained the attention of several people who were later to give him work, including Stanislas de la Roche Toulay, who had prepared the design for the metalwork of the Bordeaux bridge, Jean Baptiste Krantz and Wilhelm Nordling. One such project was all-metal construction of the church of San Marcos in Arica, Chile. In 1913, the ‘Smithsonian Institution’ honoured him with the ‘Samuel P. Langley Medal for Aerodromics’ award. Alexandre Gustave Eiffel … [28] The task of drawing the components was complicated by the complex angles involved in the design and the degree of precision required: the positions of rivet holes were specified to within 0.1 mm (0.04 in) and angles worked out to one second of arc. Gustave Eiffel utawi jangkepipun Alexandre Gustave Eiffel inggih punika insinyur saking Prancis ingkang ngrancang lan ngawasi yasanipun menara Eiffel ing taun 1889. Various parts of the project were manufactured in France and shipped to the site to be assembled there. (Valentine BONICKHAUSEN dit EIFFEL) (Valentine Eugénie Jeanne Alexandrine EIFFEL) Née le 25 février 1870 - Levallois-Perret (92) Décédée le 9 juin 1966 - Paris XVI° (75),à l'âge de 96 ans Az … He cleared entrance exams of ‘École Centrale des Arts et Manufactures’ and ‘École polytechnique’ both of which were renowned schools in France. The price quoted by Eiffel was FF.965,000, far below the nearest competitor and so he was given the job, although since his company was less experienced than his rivals the Portuguese authorities appointed a committee to report on Eiffel et Cie's suitability. Renommé pour Constructions métalliques : ponts, Viaduc de Garabit (1884), Tour Eiffel (1887-1889). The usual pattern for building a railway terminus was to conceal the metal structure behind an elaborate facade: Eiffel's design for Budapest used the metal structure as the centerpiece of the building, flanked on either side by conventional stone and brick-clad structures housing administrative offices. Gustave's uncle Jean-Baptiste Mollerat and his chemist friend Michel Perret played an instrumental role in educating Gustave on varied subjects including philosophy, theology, chemistry and mining. Association des Amis de Gustave Eiffel, Paris. The business was successful enough for Catherine Eiffel to sell it in 1843 and retire on the proceeds. The wind tunnel was used to investigate the characteristics of the airfoil sections used by the early pioneers of aviation such as the Wright Brothers, Gabriel Voisin and Louis Blériot. Gustave Eiffel : un ingénieur passionné. Due to his mother's business commitments, Gustave spent his childhood living with his grandmother, but nevertheless remained close to his mother, who was to remain an influential figure until her death in 1878. Nos formations Thrill your walls now with a stunning Alexandre Gustave Eiffel print from the world's largest art gallery. Gustave Eiffel utawi jangkepipun Alexandre Gustave Eiffel inggih punika insinyur saking Prancis ingkang ngrancang lan ngawasi yasanipun menara Eiffel ing taun 1889. Eiffel had meteorological measuring equipment placed on the tower in 1889, and also built a weather station at his house in Sèvres. In May 1884 Koechlin, working at his home, made an outline drawing of their scheme, described by him as "a great pylon, consisting of four lattice girders standing apart at the base and coming together at the top, joined together by metal trusses at regular intervals". Gustave eiffel par Mathieu Ferret - Guillaume Biasse aux éditions Quelle histoire. Alexandre-Gustave Eiffel was born in Dijon, France on December 15, 1832. The design was exhibited at the Exhibition of Decorative Arts in the autumn of 1884, and on 30 March 1885 Eiffel read a paper on the project to the Société des Ingénieurs Civils. Children: Valentine Eiffel, Albert Eiffel, Edouard Eiffel, Laure Eiffel, Claire Eiffel. On February 9, 1893 he was found guilty and sentenced for two years in prison along with a fine of 20,000 francs. Le mausolée de la famille Piccioni près de Pino en Corse contient, entre autres, les cendres de la fille de Gustave Eiffel, Valentine, mariée avec Camille Piccioni, diplomate et fils d’Antoine Piccioni qui fut maire de Bastia. The same year Eiffel started work on a system of standardised prefabricated bridges, an idea that was the result of a conversation with the governor of Cochin-China. He studied at the ‘Lycée Royal’ in Dijon and earned his baccalauréats in science and humanities. In 1857, Nepveu got a contract for construction of a railway bridge over the river Garonne, Bordeaux, and Eiffel was given the job of assembling the metalwork. Origins Of The Ferris Wheel And Valentine’s Day February 14, 2013 in Excerpts , Old Print Articles , Science/Tech , Urban Studies | Permalink Le site www.famille-eiffel.com est un hommage appuyé à Valentine Piccioni-Eiffel la fille de Gustave Eiffel,son arrière grand mère. He was born as Bonickhausen dit Eiffel on December 15, 1832 in Djion, France, as the eldest child of Alexandre Bonickhausen dit Eiffel and Catherine-Mélanie. Gustave EIFFEL, né le 15 décembre 1832 - Dijon, 21000, Côte-d'Or, France, décédé le 27 décembre 1923 - Paris, 75008, Paris, France à l'âge de 91 ans Marié le 8 juillet 1862, Dijon, 21000, Côte-d'Or, France, avec; Marie GAUDELET, née en 1845, décédée en 1877 à l'âge de 32 ans Union(s), enfant(s) et petits-enfants Chrono=451 The work of the tower began in 1887 which included 2,500,000 rivets and 12,000 other components, all designed in such a way that when assembled would handle wind pressure. Yet more than just a one-tower genius, the master of metal architecture was really a man of many bridges. [17] Alexandre Gustave Eiffel, né Bönickhausen1 le 15 décembre 1832 à Dijon et mort le 27 décembre 1923 à Paris, est un ingénieur, un industriel français ayant notamment participé à la construction de la statue de la Liberté à New York et de la tour Eiffel à Paris. [12] However, shortly afterwards Nepveu's company went bankrupt, Nepveu found Eiffel a job designing a 22 m (72 ft) sheet iron bridge for the Saint Germaine railway. [19] The Tower is also important because of its role in establishing the aesthetic potential of structures whose appearance is largely dictated by practical considerations. Nationalité Français. Renommé pour Constructions métalliques : ponts, Viaduc de Garabit (1884), Tour Eiffel (1887-1889). Founder/Co-Founder: Eiffel & Cie. Education: École Polytechnique, École Centrale Paris. Gustave Eiffel, son of Francois-Alexandre Eiffel and Catherine Melanie Moneuse, was born in Dijon on December 15, 1832. Since the lifts were not yet in operation, the ascent was made by foot, and took over an hour, Eiffel frequently stopping to make explanations of various features. [38], In 1913 Eiffel was awarded the Samuel P. Langley Medal for Aerodromics by the Smithsonian Institution. [6] He was a descendant of Jean-René Bönickhausen, who had emigrated from the German town of Marmagen and settled in Paris at the beginning of the 18th century. [37] Eiffel's interest in these areas was a consequence of the problems he had encountered with the effects of wind forces on the structures he had built. A graduate of the prestigious École Centrale des Arts et Manufactures of France, he made his name with various bridges for the French railway network, most famously the Garabit viaduct. Alexandre Eiffel 1832 1923 Alexandre Gustave Eiffel (born Bönickhausen), 1832 - 1923. The bridge that was completed in 1884 was considered the highest bridge in the world at that time adding another feather in Eiffel’s cap. Although no more than 250 men were employed on the site, a prodigious amount of exacting preparatory work was entailed: the drawing office produced 1,700 general drawings and 3,629 detail drawings of the 18,038 different parts needed. Gustave Eiffel The Eiffel Tower is Eiffel’s most impressive and most famous accomplishment. Specialista in strutture metalliche, divenne famoso per la costruzione della Torre Eiffel in occasione dell' Esposizione Universale di Parigi del 1889 Storia della vita di Gustave Eiffel, ingegnere francese. A number of different types were produced, ranging from footbridges to standard-gauge railway bridges. Early Life. The design of the Eiffel Tower was originated by Maurice Koechlin and Emile Nouguier, who had discussed ideas for a centrepiece for the 1889 Exposition Universelle. [20] To assist him in the work he took on several people who were to play important roles in the design and construction of the Eiffel Tower, including Maurice Koechlin, a young graduate of the Zurich Polytechnikum, who was engaged to undertake calculations and make drawings, and Émile Nouguier, who had previously worked for Eiffel on the construction of the Douro bridge. Dijon, (France). The name Eiffel was adopted by his father in the early 19th century from his birthplace in the German Eifel region (in Marmagen), as the French could not pronounce his actual surname, Bönickhausen. Both men spent a lot of time with the young Eiffel, teaching him about everything from chemistry and mining to theology and philosophy. The family adopted the name Eiffel as a reference to the Eifelmountains in the region from which they had come. Later from March 1860 Eiffel managed the whole project following Nepveu’s resignation. The Exposition Universelle in 1878 cemented his position as a leading engineer of his time. Alexandre Gustave Eiffel was born in France, in the Côte-d'Or, the first child of Catherine-Mélanie (née Moneuse) and Alexandre Bonickhausen dit Eiffel. As the business of the company declined, he resigned in 1865. He made a mark of his excellence in other countries including the United States, Spain, Brazil, Uruguay, Peru, Mexico and Chile among others. Alexandre Gustave Eiffel - portrait standing. The Eiffel Tower isn't just a symbol of Paris but a symbol for all of France. He is best known for the world-famous Eiffel Tower, built for the 1889 Universal Exposition in Paris, and his contribution to building the Statue of Liberty in New York. Edouard Eiffel, tenant un bicycle Giclee Print by Alexandre-Gustave Eiffel. Gustave Eiffel lányának, Valentine-nak az utódai árverésre bocsátják április 18-án az Eiffel-torony ágyújának egyetlen másolatát - közölte a Christie's aukciósház. This was signed by Eiffel acting in his own capacity rather than as the representative of his company, and granted him one and a half million francs toward the construction costs. He enrolled at the ‘École Centrale des Arts et Manufactures’ and studied chemistry. Try this experiment: Ask people you know, “Who designed the Eiffel tower… https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AGustave_Eiffel_1888_Nadar2.jpg. Genealogy profile for Valentine Eugénie Eiffel Valentine Eugénie Jeanne Alexandrine Eiffel (1870 - 1966) - Genealogy Genealogy for Valentine Eugénie Jeanne Alexandrine Eiffel (1870 - 1966) family tree on Geni, with over 200 million profiles of ancestors and living relatives. Video. At the time of Gustave's birth his father, an ex-soldier, was working as an administrator for the French Army; but shortly after his birth his mother expanded a charcoal business she had inherited from her parents to include a coal-distribution business, and soon afterwards his father gave up his job to assist her. Watch a short video about Gustave Eiffel and discover how he built the famed Eiffel Tower. In 1857 Nepveu negotiated a contract to build a railway bridge over the river Garonne at Bordeaux, connecting the Paris-Bordeaux line to the lines running to Sète and Bayonne, which involved the construction of a 500 m (1,600 ft) iron girder bridge supported by six pairs of masonry piers on the river bed. Like the Douro bridge, the project involved a lengthy viaduct crossing the river valley as well as the river itself, and Eiffel was given the job without any process of competitive tendering due to his success with the bridge over the Douro. After his retirement from engineering, Eiffel focused on research into meteorology and aerodynamics, making significant contributions in both fields. En 1877, Gustave Eiffel perd son épouse prématurément. The task was a demanding one: the river was fast-flowing, up to 20 m (66 ft) deep, and had a bed formed of a deep layer of gravel which made the construction of piers on the river bed impossible, and so the bridge had to have a central span of 160 m (520 ft). [37], A number of works of Gustave Eiffel are in danger today. Philippe Coupérie Eiffel qui a réalisé un site sur sa famille dès 2006, réponds en 2013 aux dernières questions du journaliste Guillaume DURAND, alors que ce site fête son 7* anniversaire. The growth of the railway network had an immense effect on people's lives, but although the enormous number of bridges and other work undertaken by Eiffel were an important part of this, the two works that did most to make him famous are the Statue of Liberty and the Eiffel Tower, both projects of immense symbolic importance and today internationally recognized landmarks. [25] Eiffel later established a separate company to manage the tower. His most noted masterpiece that bears his name and went on to become one of his prominent works is the ‘Eiffel Tower’. Garabit Viaduct was another creation designed and built by Eiffel for a while it was the tallest bridge in the world. Just as work began at the Champ de Mars, the "Committee of Three Hundred" (one member for each metre of the tower's height) was formed, led by Charles Garnier and including some of the most important figures of the French arts establishment, including Adolphe Bouguereau, Guy de Maupassant, Charles Gounod and Jules Massenet: a petition was sent to Jean-Charles Adolphe Alphand, the Minister of Works, and was published by Le Temps. Besides, he is known as the person who built and designed Eiffel Tower in Paris in 1889. Eiffel's reputation was badly damaged when he was implicated in the financial and political scandal which followed. Eiffel’s single-minded determination and path-breaking ingenuity were in peak form well before the run-up to the Universal Exposition of 1889. Though he designed and constructed a number of great structures in his illustrious career, his most famous and iconic structure is the world-famous Eiffel Tower. The locks were on a large scale, most having a change of level of 11 m (36 ft). This completes the purpose of the association which is to make Gustave Eiffel known to a wide audience. [34] The later American-built canal used new lock designs (see History of the Panama Canal). Gustave Eiffel was born in Dijon, Côte-d'Or, France. Gustave never married again. A proposal to demolish the railway bridge of Bordeaux (also known as the "passerelle St Jean"), the first major work of Gustave Eiffel, resulted in a large response from the public. 1877: His wife and mother, Catherine Eiffel, died. ;This is the story of Gustave Eiffel (1832-1923) and of the conception, and controversial construction of the tower that bears his name, perhaps the most famous tall building in the world. Unfortunately, she died prematurely fifteen years later. Eiffel was initially given the responsibility of assembling the metalwork and eventually took over the management of the entire project from Nepveu, who resigned in March 1860.[13]. His researches, published in 1907 and 1911, on the resistance of the air in connection with aviation, are especially valuable. On December 27, 1923, he died while in his mansion on ‘Rue Rabelais’ in Paris and was buried in ‘Levallois-Perret Cemetery’ in the family tomb. Gustave Eiffel est un ingénieur et entrepreneur français de la fin du XIXe siècle, essentiellement connu pour la réalisation de la tour qui porte son nom, à Paris. He was born on December 15, 1832 in Dijon, France and died on December 27, 1923 in Rue Rabelais, Paris at the age of 91. TV-14. Décès 27 décembre 1923 (à 91 ans). As his mother had to look after the business, he spent most of his childhood with his grandmother. Émile Nouguier (17 February 1840 – 23 November 1897) was a French civil engineer and architect. C’est un terrible choc pour lui. Work on the foundations was complete by 30 June and the erection of the iron work was started. The four legs, each at an angle of 54° to the ground, were initially constructed as cantilevers, relying on the anchoring bolts in the masonry foundation blocks. His reputation was hurt after he was charged of misappropriation of funds along with Ferdinand De Lesseps, the head of the ‘French Panama Canal Company’ and Lesseps’s son following liquidation of the company. Quotes By Gustave Eiffel Biographie de Gustave Eiffel sur le site officiel de l'Association des Descendants de Gustave Eiffel, avec sa généalogie descendante. Advancing in his career in 1886, he designed a dome for the ‘Nice Observatory’, an astronomical observatory in Nice, France. Champs; Ingénierie, chimie, industrie, architecture Institutions; Collège Sainte-Barbe, Diplôme École centrale Paris, promotion 1855. After his retirement from the Compagnie des Etablissements Eiffel, Eiffel went on to do important work in meteorology and aerodynamics. Gustave Eiffel was born in France, in the Côte-d’Or, the first child of Catherine-Melanie (née Moneuse) and Alexandre Eiffel. The components, some already riveted together into sub-assemblies, were first bolted together, the bolts being replaced by rivets as construction progressed. Gustave Eiffel. Gustave Eiffel (1832-1923) a eu cinq enfants : Claire, Laure, Edouard, Valentine et Albert. Eiffel's importance as an engineer was twofold. These shoes were anchored by bolts 10 cm (4 in) in diameter and 7.5 m (25 ft) long. In 1887, Eiffel became involved with the French effort to construct a canal across the Panama Isthmus. When the company of Nepveu became bankrupt, he arranged for a bridge design work for Eiffel that was to be constructed for the ‘Saint Germaine’ railway. The dome which was noted for its movable feature was the largest of its kind in the world at that time. Muhammad Ali - Float Like a Butterfly, Sting Like a Bee. Kanggé mèngeti 100 taun Révolusi Prancis. Born: 15-Dec-1832 Birthplace: Dijon, France Died: 27-Dec-1923 Location of death: Paris, France Cause of death: Natural Causes Remains: Buried, Cimetière de Levallois-Perret, Paris, France Gender: Male Race or Ethnicity: White Sexual orientation: Straight Occupation: Architect Nationality: France Executive summary: Designer of Eiffel Tower [29] At this stage a small "creeper" crane was installed in each leg, designed to move up the tower as construction progressed and making use of the guides for the elevators which were to be fitted in each leg. While initial fragrances have been dedicated to Eiffel’s iconic constructions, the new fragrances are being focused on his received awards. Fondé en 2008, l’Association des Amis de Gustave Eiffel a pour but de faire vivre la mémoire de Gustave Eiffel. He took two years to construct the Eiffel Tower, whose height is 984 feet. The main structural work was completed at the end of March, and on the 31st Eiffel celebrated this by leading a group of government officials, accompanied by representatives of the press, to the top of the tower. The most renowned work that brought him international fame and cemented his name in history was the ‘Eiffel Tower’ of Paris. Gustave Eiffel had five children, three girls and two boys. He then built a laboratory on the Champ de Mars at the foot of the tower in 1905, building his first wind tunnel there in 1909. Gustave Eiffel. Alexandre Gustave Eiffel (Digione, 15 dicembre 1832 - Parigi, 27 dicembre 1923) è stato un ingegnere e imprenditore francese. and "Gustave Eiffel has gone mad: he has been confined in an Asylum" appeared in the popular press. After discussing the technical problems and emphasising the practical uses of the tower, he finished his talk by saying that the tower would symbolise[24].mw-parser-output .templatequote{overflow:hidden;margin:1em 0;padding:0 40px}.mw-parser-output .templatequote .templatequotecite{line-height:1.5em;text-align:left;padding-left:1.6em;margin-top:0}, "not only the art of the modern engineer, but also the century of Industry and Science in which we are living, and for which the way was prepared by the great scientific movement of the eighteenth century and by the Revolution of 1789, to which this monument will be built as an expression of France's gratitude.". 1863: Claire Eiffel, his first daughter, was born. By June construction had reached the second level platform, and on Bastille Day this was used for a fireworks display, and Eiffel held a celebratory banquet for the press on the first level platform. Educação Gustave Eiffel, em 1843, estudou no Colégio Sainte-Barbe, um dos mais antigos de Paris. He was contacted by Auguste Bartholdi in 1881 to design the interior metallic structure of the ‘Statue of Liberty’ in Liberty Island, New York, United States after the sudden death of its engineer Eugène Viollet-Le-Duc in 1879. Ghenh Bridge and Rach Cat Bridge in Bien Hoa city, Santa Efigênia Viaduct, São Paulo, Brazil (1913), Dam on Great Bačka Canal, Bečej, Vojvodina, Serbia (1900), Casa del Cura (also called Casa Eiffel), in, This page was last edited on 28 November 2020, at 01:23. The members included Jean-Baptiste Krantz, Henri Dion and Léon Molinos, both of whom had known Eiffel for a long time: their report was favorable, and Eiffel got the job. Weaving was a common profession among his family members, but it was two chemist uncles who would have an outsized influence on him. A graduate from ‘École Centrale des Arts et Manufactures’ in Paris, he joined a company that specialised in construction of railway bridges. AKA Gustave Alexandre Eiffel. These were constructed with the aid of compressed air caissons and hydraulic rams, both innovative techniques at the time. For a variety of economic and political reasons, this had been slow to make an impact in France,[40] and Eiffel had the good fortune to be working at a time of rapid industrial development in France. They had five children: Claire, born on 19 August 1863, Laure, Édouard, Valentine, and the youngest, Albert, born in August 1873. Using this Eiffel definitely established that the air resistance of a body was very closely related to the square of the airspeed. Here it was possible to build a larger wind tunnel, and Eiffel began to make tests using scale models of aircraft designs. Naissance, 15 décembre 1832. Until the age of sixteen, he spent all his holidays with his grandmother Valentine, the youngest daughter of the engineer in the various homesteads. The tower had been a subject of some controversy, attracting criticism both from those who did not believe it feasible and from those who objected on artistic grounds. In 1886 Eiffel also designed the dome for the Astronomical Observatory in Nice. Gustave Eiffel died on December 27, 1923 at the age of 91. • «La tour Eiffel est vraiment d’une laideur qui déconcerte et elle n’est même pas énorme!» Joris-Karl Huysmans (1848-1907), Certains. He started working independently as a consulting engineer and got involved in construction of the railway station at Toulouse and at Agen. No drilling or shaping was done on site: if any part did not fit it was sent back to the factory for alteration. The construction of the Eiffel tower infused in him the interest for aerodynamics. [15] His first important commission was for two viaducts for the railway line between Lyon and Bordeaux, and the company also began to undertake work in other countries, including the church of San Marcos in Arica, Chile, which was an all-metal prefabricated building, manufactured in France and shipped to South America in pieces to be assembled on site. Managed by: Samuel Austin - Le Maux: Last Updated: May 23, 2018 Eiffel was made the chief engineer of ‘Compagnie Belge de Matériels de Chemin de Fer’ and was further promoted. In Paris, on December, 27th 1923, Gustave Eiffel was listening to Bethoven's 5th symphony when he died from a cerebral hemorrhage.. One of his noted books on aerodynamics among the many he wrote is ‘Resistance of the Air and Aviation’. Later, his father left his job to join the business. [23] Initially Eiffel showed little enthusiasm, although he did sanction further study of the project, and the two engineers then asked Stephen Sauvestre to add architectural embellishments. Post retirement from engineering he devoted the rest of his life studying meteorology and aerodynamics. Who Is The Greatest Female Warrior In History? Gustave Eiffel, Alexandre Gustave Eiffel, French civil engineer and architect, best known for the Eiffel Tower Gustave Eiffel (1832-1923), French engineer.(1880). In 1855, he completed his graduation earning the thirteenth position out of eighty candidates. Every night, 20,000 bulbs light up the Eiffel Tower, creating the famous evening skyline we all know so well. In order to precisely align the legs so that the connecting girders could be put into place, a provision had been made to enable precise adjustments by placing hydraulic jacks in the footings for each of the girders making up the legs.